Concept | Hypothesis test categories#

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Dataiku groups hypothesis tests into categories based on different test attributes.


One-sample, two-sample, and N-sample tests#

  • One-sample tests consider one population from which a random sample is used to make inferences.

  • Two-sample tests consider two populations from which independent random samples are used to make inferences.

  • N-sample tests consider more than two populations with independent random samples that are used to make inferences.

Location or distribution tests#

  • Location tests evaluate hypotheses about location parameters. For example, the mean of a population (in the case of the one-sample Student’s t-test), and the median of a population (in the case of the Sign test).

  • Distribution tests evaluate hypotheses about population distributions. For example, one-sample distribution tests compare the distribution of a population to a hypothesized one, and two-sample distribution tests compare the distributions of two populations.

Categorical tests#

Dataiku provides the Chi-square Independence test, to evaluate whether two categorical variables are independent.

Additional test details#

Finally, the header of a hypothesis test card contains a question icon that provides additional details about the test. More specifically, Dataiku displays if the test is a parametric or nonparametric test.